What causes papillomas and HPV transmission methods

Papillomas on the eyelid

Many people suffer from papillomas in the body. Not a single person is insured against the onset of the disease.

Unpleasant and sometimes even painful formations can occur in anyone, regardless of gender and age.

So many people are interested in the question, "What causes papillomas? " Men and women are equally susceptible to the development of pathologies. Papillomavirus is very cunning.

After entering the body, it remains there forever.

A person can carry the virus and not even suspect it, as the symptoms of the disease do not appear immediately.

The worst is that it can infect other people. HPV symptoms do not appear until the virus is activated, which is due to some factors. The first and main manifestation of the disease is the formation of growths in the body (papillary processes adhered to the skin by a small leg and pink or grayish in color). Formations can form on both the mucous membranes and the dermis (in the neck, eyelids, armpits, chest, as well as in intimate places - in the penis, lips).

Reasons for development

Everyone should know what causes papillomas. Only knowledge of the main causes of the disease and methods of infection can prevent the pathology from occurring. HPV after penetrating the body is in a dormant mode. The incubation period lasts from several months to several years.

The length of this period depends on many reasons: state of health, individual characteristics of the organism, as well as the state of the immune system. The root cause or what causes papillomas to appear in the body is HPV infection. The activation of the virus occurs under the influence of some factors.

The increase can be triggered by:

  • weakening of the organism's protective properties;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • promiscuous sexual intercourse;
  • refuses to use contraceptives;
  • transferred infectious diseases;
  • the presence of chronic pathologies of internal organs;
  • prolonged or inappropriate use of medications, in particular antibacterials;
  • frequent stressful situations;
  • avitaminosis;
  • the presence of bad habits;
  • ultraviolet radiation
  • ;
  • non-observance of personal hygiene rules.

It should be understood that even a common cold can become a trigger for HPV activation. Therefore, health needs to be preserved and strengthened.

Transfer mechanism

Papillomavirus is extremely widespread, infecting more than 70% of the world's population.

The virus can enter the body in several ways:

  • Contact and family.The infection can be caused even by passing contact with the host's dermis. For that, it is enough that there is a scratch or micro crack in the skin. In addition, there is a high risk of contamination by household items in public places. You can get infected by visiting the pool or holding the bus handrail. To avoid HPV penetrating the body, personal hygiene rules must be followed: wash hands with soap, walk in the pool with shoes.
  • Sexually.This is the most common method of transmission. So far, there is no way to help prevent infection. Even the use of condoms is ineffective, as the contact of the external mucous membranes of the intimate zone will occur anyway.
  • Vertical path.Thus, the children of mothers carrying the virus are infected. In the case where the mother has a neoplasm in the external genitals, it is perfectly understandable by what papillomas can appear in the child. In this case, the infection occurs during the child's passage through the birth canal.

HPV is dangerous and treacherous. When your first manifestations - papillomas - appear, you need to make an appointment with a doctor. After making the diagnosis and establishing an accurate diagnosis, the specialist will prescribe the treatment. Do not hesitate to visit the doctor, especially if the neoplasms are hanging, often injured and rubbed with clothing.

It is important to understand that any damage to the growth or development of an inflammatory process in it is fraught with infection and the development of a purulent process, as well as the transformation of a benign formation into cancer. Not a single person is immune to the infection. But making every effort to prevent infection is within everyone's reach. The main method of prevention is vaccination. If the infection has already occurred, the vaccine will be ineffective.

Why papillomas appear on the body in pregnant women and in intimate areas in women

Papillomatosis in pregnant women is not uncommon. Pregnancy is not only a wonderful period of waiting for the birth of a child, but also a real test for the woman. It is during this period that women can develop pathologies that they have never encountered before. One of these problems is the appearance in the dermis or mucous formations similar to warts - papillomas. Many women are interested in: "Why do papillomas appear on the body during pregnancy? "

Papilloma on the body of a pregnant woman

The formation of neoplasms is generally determined by:

  • decreased immunity;
  • hormonal imbalance;
  • the presence of chronic pathologies;
  • rapid weight gain;
  • rubbing the dermis against growth.

When papillomas appear on the body, make an appointment with a doctor. If the growths are small, do not hurt and are not injured, pathological therapy is postponed until later. It is performed after delivery or at the end of breastfeeding. In the event that the size and number of formations increases rapidly or is exposed to frequent friction and damage, therapy is performed immediately.

Papillomas in the female genital area

The appearance of papillomas in the dermis causes a lot of discomfort to the woman. These formations have an unsightly appearance, are usually damaged and can become a malignant tumor. Formations in the intimate area are of particular concern. The main reason for the appearance of papillomas on Organs genitals is HPV infection.

Infection can occur through sexual intercourse with a papillomavirus carrier, infection during pregnancy or childbirth, sharing personal hygiene items, towels, cleaning cloths, cosmetics. If papillomas are found in an intimate location, you will need to see a doctor.

The treatment of the disease must be immediate and appropriate. It is important to know not only why papillomas appear in the body, but also why the therapy failed. Ignoring the disease has disastrous consequences: severe damage to development, infection and even degeneration in cancer.

Why papillomas are formed in men and how to remove them in different ways

The causes of papillomas in men are the same as in women. The root cause of papillomas is HPV infection.

Virus activation and symptoms are caused by:

  • the presence of addictions: frequent long-term smoking and alcohol abuse;
  • decrease in the protective properties of the organism;
  • disturbance of metabolic processes;
  • the presence of gastrointestinal pathologies;
  • genital inflammation;
  • frequent change of sexual partners, promiscuous sex life.

Another reason for the appearance of papillomas in representatives of the strong half of society is the failure to comply with personal hygiene rules. Formations in men can be located on the skin, mucous membranes, genitals, scalp.

Regardless of the cause of the onset of the disease, therapy should be performed immediately. You must know not only why papillomas are formed, but also that such formations are not as harmless as they might first appear. As long as the tumor does not hurt, itch or damage, it is not dangerous. Damage to papillomas is associated not only with the development of inflammation and infection, but also with the transformation into a malignant tumor.

What happens if you start growth

It is not worth cutting or starting the training, wherever you are. This is related not only to growth degeneration in cancer, but also to the spread of metastases to other organs. If the training went out alone, you should see a doctor immediately.

After the cytological examination, the type of pathogen will be identified. If the formation is not oncogenic, the remaining tissue is removed. You can find out why the papilloma was formed by a specialist. The doctor should take care of the disease therapy and only after carrying out all the necessary research.

Formation removal

Diagnosis of papilloma in a man

Pathology therapy should be comprehensive, including conservative and surgical treatment.

To fight the virus, antiviral drugs are prescribed and, to remove tumors, the following is prescribed:

  • cryotherapy;
  • radio wave treatment;
  • electrocoagulation;
  • laser therapy
  • .

Traditional medicine

It is not uncommon for people to use alternative medicine to remove tumors. Herbal remedies are good because they consist entirely of natural ingredients and help to remove formations and strengthen the immune system. The most effective medicine in the fight against growth is celandine. It is recommended to lubricate the formation with freshly squeezed plant sap three times a day.

An infusion of kerosene and nuts proved to be good. It is necessary to fill a third of a liter glass bottle with chopped green nuts. Then, you need to fill the raw material with refined kerosene and remove the tightly closed container in a cool place for three weeks.

It is necessary to treat the lesions with the filtered liquid twice a day. Dandelion tincture is also effective in fighting disease. Fill a 1/2 liter jar with fresh flowers. Then, the raw material needs to be spilled with cologne. The product should be infused in a cool, dark place for one month. The filtered liquid is advised to process growths four times a day.


Vaccination is the only way to prevent papillomas. The papillomavirus vaccine contains non-living HPV. This tool promotes the development of immunity to 4 main oncogenic strains of the virus. Routine vaccination is advised to be performed at 11 years of age, and tour vaccination is performed in three doses. To prevent infection, a person must know why papillomas are formed and what the risk of refusing therapy is.